Giorgio DeChirico

Painter, Sculptor, Set Designer, Costume Designer
Giorgio de Chirico was born in Volos, Greece on 10/07/1888 to parents of Italian origin, his father being an engineer and his mother an opera singer. The family moved permanently to Greece in 1897. His brother, Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico, also followed a career in painting and literature under the pseudonym Alberto Savinio. The Greek environment deeply influenced and later inspired the young artist. He took his first painting lessons under Mavroudis, a Greek from Trieste. He then studied at the School of Fine Arts under Georgios Roilos, Constantine Volonakis and Georgios Jakovides (1903-1905). In 1906, de Chirico moved to Munich, where he attended drawing and painting classes at the: Königliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste (Royal Academy of Fine Arts). Before completing his studies, he moved to Milan (1909), and it was roughly at that period that be became acquainted with the work of Friedrich Nietzsche, which influenced the evolution and development of his style. He was singled out as one of the artists who formed the short-lived art movement Pittura metafisica in the early 20th century. His work has influenced artistic movements of the 20th century, such as Surrealism and Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity). His paintings are dominated by visionary and poetic elements, while they are characterized by a strong emphasis on enigmatic compositions and ambiguity of objects. His work during the period 1911 to 1919 is considered significant in the history of modern art. His work The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon (1910) is considered as his first metaphysical painting, a work inspired by the revelation he felt in Piazza Santa Croce, Florence. He was systematically involved in theater. He died in Rome on 11/20/1978. He created sets and costumes for the opera Orfeo ed Euridice, which was staged by the GNO in the Athens Festival in 1971. // Last update of the biography: December 2020 - The list of the productions below is continually updated.