RETURNChristoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald Gluck

He was born on 02/07/1714 in Bavaria. He started music at a very early age. As a student he sang and played various musical instruments and soon realized his vocation and his love of music. At the age of 13, he left his hometown and went to Prague. There he studied music and philosophy, whilst working as an organist to cover his expenses. In 1750, he went to Vienna and then to Milan, which was decisive for his later career, as it was there that he met the composer Giovanni Battista Sammartini, with whose help he began his career as a composer. He also composed his first opera Artaserse there, which was premiered in 1741 to great acclaim. Four years later, Gluck left Milan and travelled to Europe. When he lived in London for a while in 1745, he met the composer Georg Frideric Handel. He returned to Vienna in 1748 and from then on his career took off. He composed legendary operas, including Orfeo ed Euridice (1762), Il trionfo di Clelia (1763) and Alceste (1764). His collaboration with the librettist Ranieri de' Calzabigi, with whom he created new foundations for opera, was also important. He was distinguished for his innovative writing, which sparked a revolution in French opera. He died in Vienna on 15/11/1787, leaving his indelible mark. His operas Orpheo ed Euridice, Iphigénie en Tauride and Alceste have been repeatedly performed at the Greek National Opera. // Last update of the biography: January 2024 - The list of the productions below is continually updated.