Sokratis Karantinos

He was born in Athens in 1906. His father, N. Karantinos, was the owner of the Olympia Theater. He initially studied in the theater school of the Hellenic Conservatory, under Nikolaos Papageorgiou. He then studied oral language in Germany and was a member of the association of speech teachers. In this capacity he worked for some years as lecturer and teacher with the Athens Maraslio School and the Protypo Elementary School of Athens. In 1934 he published a study on speech training. While studying in Germany, he attended stage performances during the interwar period in France, Austria and Germany. In 1933 he founded and directed the New School of Drama. At the same time, he became active in journalism. After 1937 he worked as a theater critic in the journal Modern Greek Literature, while he published the short-lived journal Theater (1938) and participated in the editorial team of the visual arts journal The third eye (To trito mati). In 1936 he participated in the short-lived Theater Cooperation Society. His main stage activity was during the occupation and the postwar period, when he worked with the Theater of Athens (1942-1943), the National Theater (1943-1946 and 1951-1953) and the Attica Stage (1946). He worked with the GNO once, directing the opera The masterbuilder [O protomastoras], a performance in which Maria Callas sang the role of Smaragda (Herodeion, 1944). He has been a director of the Theater School of the cultural society Athenaeum (1947-1950), as well as professor of oral language with the University of Athens School of Further Education for Teachers. He was the first artistic director of the National Theater of Northern Greece (1961-1967) and director of the Greek National Theater Drama School (after 1967). He had a significant contribution to the Greek Radio, where as a program head he introduced the reading of literary texts. He died in 1979.