Margarete Wallmann

Dancer, Choreographer, Set Designer, Stage director
She was born probably in Berlin on 22/6/1904 and passed away in Monte Carlo on 2/5/1992. She studied classical dance under Eugenia Eduardova in Berlin and continued under Heinrich Kröller and Anna Ornely in Munich. In 1923 she attended the Ballet School of Mary Wigman in Dresden and, together with Hanya Holm and Gret Palucca was for some time a member of its dance touring company. In 1929 she became head of the Wigman School in Berlin. In 1930 she founded her own dance group,the Tänzer-Kollektiv, and together with Ted Shawn they presented its first production which was the "movement drama" Orpheus Dionysos by Felix Emmel. Shawn invited Wallmann to teach at his Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts in Los Angeles. In 1931 the company staged Emmel's Das jüngste Gericht (The Last Judgement) for the Salzburg Festival. Due to an accident, however, Wallmann had to quit dancing. From 1933 to 1938 she became ballet master at the Vienna State Opera and head of its ballet school. During the period 1938/49, she worked with the Teatro Colón Buenos Aires as a ballet choreographer, contributing greatly to the culture of dance in Argentina. In 1949 she returned to Europe and became ballet director of La Scala in Milan. Since 1952, she devoted herself mainly to directing operas. She directed Maria Callas in four operas at La Scala. She worked closely with Director Francis Poulenc. In 1957 she returned to Vienna State Opera where she directed numerous operas. She has also directed operas in Berlin and in Monte Carlo. She retired in 1990. Many of her directions survive in audiovisual recordings (Video, DVD). At GNO, she directed such operas as Otello, Don Carlo, Norma and Turandot. // Last update of the biography: March 2019 - The list of the productions below is complete.